Southern NSW Local Health District (SNSWLHD) is urging residents of Yass, Goulburn and Crookwell to avoid contact with bats after reports of increased numbers in the region.
Bats and flying foxes can carry bacteria and viruses which can be harmful to humans, including the potentially deadly lyssavirus, which was responsible for three deaths in Queensland.
SNSWLHD Director Public Health Unit, Tracey Oakman, said while there have been no cases of human infection with lyssavirus in NSW, people should still be cautious at all times.
“You cannot tell by looking at a bat whether or not it is carrying the lyssavirus,” Mrs Oakman said.
“In 2017, four bats that bit or scratched humans or pets in NSW were confirmed to have lyssavirus infection although thankfully, none of the people involved contracted the disease.
“People must always assume bats and flying foxes are infectious and if scratched or bitten they should thoroughly clean the wound for five minutes and seek urgent medical advice.”
Australia-wide only three cases of lyssavirus have been recorded in the last 22 years – all have been in Queensland.
Lyssavirus infection can progress to a rabies-like illness which is fatal.
Mrs Oakman said anyone finding an injured or distressed bat should never pick it up but call their local wildlife rescue group. Similarly they should call a vet if pets or other animals are bitten.
“It is very important parents, teachers and carers educate young children to stay away from bats and flying foxes, to never pick them up or disturb them, which might cause a bite or scratch.
“Kids should also be taught to tell an adult immediately if they have been scratched or bitten so the wound can be cleaned with soap and water, antiseptic applied and a doctor called,” Mrs Oakman said.
What to do for bat bites:
Ensure the wound is thoroughly cleaned by immediately washing the wound for at least five minutes with soap and water.
Apply an antiseptic such as Betadine.
Seek urgent medical advice.
For more information: Rabies and Australian bat lyssavirus infection fact sheet.